Miller, C., Schmitt, D. Limb phase flexibility in walking: a test case in the squirrel monkey (Saimiri sciureus). Frontiers in Zoology 16,

Schmitt, D., Gruss, L., Zeininger, A. Bipedalism. In J. Vonk, T. Shakelford (eds.) Encyclopedia of Animal Cognition. Springer, Cham 


Granatosky, M.C., Fitzsimons, A., Zeininger, A., Schmitt,
DMechanisms for the functional differentiation of the braking and propulsive roles of the forelimb and hindlimb during quadrupedal walking in primates and mammals. Journal of Experimental Biology. DOI 10.1242/jeb.162917

Zeininger, A., Schmitt, D., Jensen, J.L., Shapiro, L.J. Ontogenetic changes in foot strike pattern and calcaneal loading during walking in young children. Gait and Posture 59:18-22

Schmitt, D.Zeininger, A., Gruss, L. Terrestrial locomotion In International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology, Wenda Trevathan (ed). John Wiley and Sons, Inc. 


Chirchir, H., Zeininger, A., Nakatsukasa, M., Ketcham, R.A., Richmond, B.G. Does trabecular bone structure within the metacarpal head of primates vary with hand posture? Comptes Rendus Palevol 16:533:544.

Zeininger, A., Shapiro, L.J., Raichlen, D.A. Ontogenetic changes in limb posture and their impact on effective limb length in baboons (Papio cynocephalus). American Journal of Physical Anthropology.  DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23201


Zeininger, A., Patel., B.A., Zipfel, B., Carlson, K.J. Trabecular architecture in the StW 352 fossil hominin calcaneus. Journal of Human Evolution 97:145-158. doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2016.05.009

Schmitt, D.Zeininger, A., Granatosky, M. Patterns, variability, and flexibility of hand posture during locomotion in primates. In The Evolution of the Primate Hand (Eds. T. Kivell, P. Lemellin, B. Richmond, and D. Schmitt). 

Larsen, R.J., Jackson, W.H., Schmitt, D.A. Mechanisms for regulating step length while running towards and over an obstacle. Human Movement Science 49:186-195.

Burgess, L.M., Schmitt, D.Zeininger, A., McFarlin, S.C., Zihlman, A.L., Polk, J.D., Ruff, C.B. Ontogenetic scaling of fore- and hind limb joint posture and limb bone cross-sectional geometry in vervets and baboons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology DOI: 10.1002/ajpa.23009

Granatosky, M.C., Tripp, C.H., and Schmitt, D. Gait kinetics of above and below branch quadrupedal locomotion in lemurid primates. Journal of Experimental Biology 219: 53-63.


Rabey KN, Li Y, Norton JN, Reynolds RP, Schmitt D. (In Press) Vibrating frequencies in mice and rats: implications for the effects of whole-body vibrations on animal physiology. Annals of Biomedical Engineering. 

Rabey KN, Green DJ, Taylor AB, Begun DR, Richmond BG, McFarlin SC. 2015. Locomotor activity influences muscle architecture and bone growth but not muscle attachment site morphology. Journal of Human Evolution, 78: 91-102.    [PDF].


McNeill J, Wu C-L, Rabey KN, Schmitt D, Guilak F. 2014. Life-long caloric restriction does
not alter the severity of age-related osteoarthritis. Age. 36 (4): 9669. [PDF]

Granatosky, M.C., Miller, C.E., Boyer, D.M., Schmitt, D. Lumbar vertebral morphology of flying, gliding, and suspensory mammals: Implications for the locomotor behavior of the subfossil lemurs Palaeopropithecus and Babakotia. Journal of Human Evolution (In Press) [PDF]

Granatosky, M.C., Lemelin, P., Chester, S.G., Pampush, J.D., Schmitt, D. Functional and evolutionary aspects of axial stability in euarchontans and other mammals. Journal of Morphology 275:313-327. [PDF]

Fabre A.-C., R. Cornette, A. Perrard, D. Boyer, G.V.P. Prasad, J.J. Hooker, and A. Goswami (2014). A three-dimensional morphometric analysis of the locomotory ecology of Deccanolestes, a eutherian mammal from the late Cretaceous of India. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34(1):146-156.

Fabre A.-C., A. Goswami, S. Peigné, and R. Cornette (2014). Morphological integration in the forelimb of musteloid carnivorans. Journal of Anatomy 225(1):19-30.

Fabre A.-C., R. Cornette, K. Huyghe, D. V. Andrade, and A. Herrel (2014). Linear versus geometric morphometric approaches for the analysis of head shape dimorphism in lizards. Journal of Morphology 275: 1016-1026.

Fabre A.-C., D. V. Andrade, K. Huyghe, R. Cornette, and A. Herrel (in press). Interrelationships between bones, muscles, and performance: biting in the lizard Tupinambis merianaeEvolutionary Biology.

Robovska-Havelkova P., Aerts P., Rocek Z., Prikryl T, Fabre A.-C., and A. Herrel (in press). Do all frogs swim alike? The effect of ecological specialization on swimming kinematics in frogs. Journal of Experimental Biology doi:10.1242/jeb.109991 


MC O'Neill, D Schmitt, The gaits of primates: center of mass mechanics in walking, cantering and galloping ring-tailed lemurs, Lemur catta., The Journal of experimental biology, vol. 215 no. Pt 10 (May, 2012), pp. 1728-39, ISSN 1477-9145 [doi] [abs]


JB Hanna
, D Schmitt, 2011. Locomotor energetics in primates: gait mechanics and their relationship to the energetics of vertical and horizontal locomotion., American journal of physical anthropology, vol. 145 no. 1, pp. 43-54, ISSN 1096-8644 [doi] [abs]


D. Schmitt, 2010. Translating Primate Locomotor Biomechanical Variables from the Laboratory to the Field, in Primate Locomotion: Linking in-situ and ex-situ Research, edited by KD D'Auot and E. Vereecke, pp. 7 - 28, Springer, New York, ISBN 1441914196

D Schmitt, AC Zumwalt, MW Hamrick, 2010. The relationship between bone mechanical properties and ground reaction forces in normal and hypermuscular mice., Journal of experimental zoology. Part A, Ecological genetics and physiology, vol. 313 no. 6, pp. 339-51, ISSN 1932-5231 [doi] [abs]

TL Kivell, D Schmitt, RE Wunderlich, 2010. Hand and foot pressures in the aye-aye (Daubentonia madagascariensis) reveal novel biomechanical trade-offs required for walking on gracile digits., The Journal of experimental biology, vol. 213 no. Pt 9, pp. 1549-57, ISSN 1477-9145 [doi] [abs]


MB Nebel, EL Sims, FJ Keefe, VB Kraus, F Guilak, DS Caldwell, JJ Pells, R Queen, D Schmitt, 2009. The relationship of self-reported pain and functional impairment to gait mechanics in overweight and obese persons with knee osteoarthritis., Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation, vol. 90 no. 11, pp. 1874-9, ISSN 1532-821X [doi] [abs]

TL Kivell, D Schmitt, 2009. Independent evolution of knuckle-walking in African apes shows that humans did not evolve from a knuckle-walking ancestor., Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol. 106 no. 34, pp. 14241-6, ISSN 1091-6490 [doi] [abs]


JB Hanna
, D Schmitt, TM Griffin. 2008. The energetic cost of climbing in primates., Science (New York, N.Y.), vol. 320 no. 5878, pp. 898, ISSN 1095-9203 [doi] [abs]

KL Bishop, AK Pai, D Schmitt. 2008. Whole body mechanics of stealthy walking in cats., PloS one, vol. 3 no. 11 (2008), pp. e3808, ISSN 1932-6203 [doi] [abs]


P. Lemelin and D. Schmitt, 2006. The origins of grasping and locomotor adaptations in primates: Comparative and experimental approaches using an opossum model, in Primate Origins, edited by M. Dagosto and M. Ravosa, Kluwer

D Schmitt, M Cartmill, TM Griffin, JB Hanna, P Lemelin. 2006. Adaptive value of ambling gaits in primates and other mammals., The Journal of experimental biology, vol. 209 no. Pt 11, pp. 2042-9, ISSN 0022-0949 [doi] [abs]


KJ Chi, D Schmitt, 2005. Mechanical energy and effective foot mass during impact loading of walking and running., Journal of biomechanics, vol. 38 no. 7, pp. 1387-95, ISSN 0021-9290 [doi] [abs]

D Schmitt, MD Rose, JE Turnquist, P Lemelin, 2005. Role of the prehensile tail during ateline locomotion: experimental and osteological evidence., American journal of physical anthropology, vol. 126 no. 4, pp. 435-46, ISSN 0002-9483 [doi] [abs]